Geographically, Kushinagar is situated in Uttar Pradesh and is an important site for the Buddhist pilgrims. Kushinagar is the place where Lord Gautam Buddha breathed his last and attained salvation. The small town of Kushinagar is spread over an area of 6 kilometers, at a distance of 55 kilometers from Gorakhpur, which is an important city in Uttar Pradesh. This town stands on the bank of the river Hiranyavati. The religious significance of Kushinagar can be perceived by the fact that a large number of followers visit this place everyday. This is also the place where Lord Buddha preached his last sermon and said "All things must pass. Decay is inherent in all things".
Kushinagar was an important centre under Mauryan King Ashoka, a great Buddhist follower. Most of the religious structures here were constructed between 3rd century BC and 5th century AD. For a long time Kushinagar remained lost in the jungles and was unknown to the world till 19th century when the British rediscovered it in 1880. Extensive excavations have indicated the presence of a large number monks here as late as 11th century AD. A majority of tourists come to Kushinagar during Buddha Purnima to celebrate the birthday of Lord Buddha. The place has a tropical climate with extreme temperatures during summers and winters. Winter days are pleasant with dry weather and clear sky.
One of the four major centres of Buddhism along with Lumbini, Bodhgaya and Sarnath, there are many places of religious importance in Kushinagar. Rambhar Stupa is the most important landmark of Kushinagar. The stupa is said to have been built on the same spot where Lord Buddha was cremated in 483 BC. Mahaparinirvana Temple is another important attraction in Kushinagar with a huge statue of Lord Buddha in reclining position. Mathakuar Shrine is the place where Lord Buddha had given his last sermon. There are many modern temples, stupas, and shrines in Kushinagar built by various Buddhist countries. A museum here houses objects found during the excavation of Kushinagar.
Entire Eastern India and some neighbouring places in Nepal are full of places closely associated with life and times of Lord Buddha. The region has a history dating back to several centuries before Christ. Many of the dynasties of this region gave patronage to Buddhism. Gorakhpur is a major railway junction and the best place from where you can visit the Buddhist pilgrimage centres like Kushinagar, Kapilavastu, and Lumbini. Kapilavastu was the capital of Shakya Clan, of which Gautam Buddha was a prince.
Nirvana Stupa, Nirvana Temple, Mathakuar Shrine, Ramabhar Stupa, Kushinagar Museum, Buddha Vihar, Wat Thai Temple.
By Air: Nearest airport is Gorakhpur that is 45 kms. Gorakhpur doesn’t have regular flights from the rest of India therefore it is advisable to opt for other transportation. Kasia airstrip-5 kms, Lucknow-252 kms, Babatpur Airport, Varanasi-286 kms.
By Rail: Padrauna, the district head-quarter is linked with metre-gauge railway line from Gorakhpur. Nearest railway stations for Kushinagar are: Gorakhpur Railway Station (51 km) and Deoria (35Km). Gorakhpur is well connected with all major cities of India.
By Road: Kushinagar is well connected with all season motorable roads and have regular bus-service to all important town/cities in the state. Frequent road-transport is available from Gorakhpur 51 kms, Deoria 35 kms Lumbini (Nepal)-170 kms, Kapilastu-157 kms, Sravasti-253 kms, Sarnath 274 kms.
June to September is the time of the monsoons. The ideal time to visit here is between the months of October and March.
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